Duchy of Luxemburg

The Duchy of Luxemburg (French: Luxembourg, Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire, the ancestral homeland of the noble House of Luxembourg. The House of Luxemburg, now actually the Duke of Limburg, became one of the most important political forces in the 14th century, contending with the House of Habsburg for supremacy in Central Europe. They would be the heirs to the Přemyslid dynasty in the Kingdom of Bohemia, succeeded to the Kingdom of Hungary, and contributed with four Holy Roman Emperors, until their own male line came to an end and the House of Habsburg themselves got the pieces, as the two Houses had actually agreed in the Treaty of Brünn in 1364.

In 1411, Sigismund of Luxembourg lost the duchy to his niece Elisabeth because he defaulted on a loan. Elizabeth later sold the duchy to the Duke of Burgundy, Philip the Good of the House of Valois-Burgundy, who paid her off in 1444. The Dukes of Burgundy had previously acquired a number of other possessions in the Low Countries, including Flanders, Artois, Hainaut, Brabant, Zeeland, Holland, and Namur; Luxembourg and these other Burgundian possessions in the Low Countries are collectively referred to during this period (1384–1482) as the Burgundian Netherlands. The male line of the Dukes of Burgundy died out in 1477 when Philip's son Charles the Bold died at the Battle of Nancy, leaving his only child Mary of Burgundy as his heiress. After his death, Mary married Archduke Maximilian I of the House of Habsburg, who later became Holy Roman Emperor; thereafter the Burgundian Netherlands came under the rule of the House of Habsburg, thereby beginning the period of the Habsburg Netherlands (1482–1581).

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Ambassador Barbara Sušnik presents her Letters of Credence to the Grand Duke of Luxembourg (Government Office for Slovenians Abroad of the Republic of Slovenia)

Public Technologies 01 Feb 2023
On 18 January 2023, Ambassador Barbara Sušnik presented her Letters of Credence to the Grand Duke of Luxembourg ... at the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, and the following day she presented the Letters of Credence to Grand Duke Henri....
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Ambassador Barbara Sušnik presents her credentials to the Grand Duke of Luxembourg (Government of the Republic of Slovenia)

Public Technologies 31 Jan 2023
On 18 January 2023, Ambassador Barbara Sušnik presented her credentials to the Grand Duke of Luxembourg ... at the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, and the following day she presented the credentials to Grand Duke Henri....

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File - Shell gas station on Boylston Street near Park Drive in Fenway-Kenmore, Boston. Shell plc is a British multinational oil and gas company headquartered in London, England.
Creative Commons / Monika M. Wahi https:

Shell’s profits show where the real money is made in our energy market

New Statesman | 02 Feb 2023
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